Red oak is another moderately heavy, hard, and strong species. It has a coarse grain and good machining and finishing characteristics.
White oak is typically rift or quarter-sawn, exposing the “fleck” that most people are familiar with from “mission” or “arts-and-crafts” furniture. White oak is more rot resistant than red oak, with similar machining and finishing properties.
These finishes are achieved by applying a stain and wiping off the excess, allowing the natural wood grain to remain prominent.
These finishes are applied by spraying a toner on the wood to achieve an even, consistent color, particularly on wood species that tend to take stain unevenly.
These finishes use both a wiping stain and a toner to achieve deep, rich colors.