Like red oak, white oak is moderately heavy, hard, and strong species. It has a coarse grain and good machining and finishing characteristics.
White oak is typically rift or quarter-sawn, exposing the “fleck” that most people are familiar with from “mission” or “arts-and-crafts” furniture. White oak is more rot resistant than red oak, with similar machining and finishing properties.
This is simply a clear top-coat, allowing the natural characteristics of the wood to be on display.
These finishes are achieved by applying a stain and wiping off the excess, allowing the natural wood grain to remain prominent.
These finishes use both a wiping stain and a toner to achieve deep, rich colors.